In polytheistic creation, the world often comes into being organically, e. Sometimes, a god is involved, wittingly or unwittingly, in bringing about creation.
Examples include:. Neoplatonism and Gnosticism continued and developed this concept. In Neoplatonism, the demiurge represents the second cause or dyad , after the monad. In Gnostic dualism , the demiurge is an imperfect spirit and possibly an evil being, transcended by divine Fullness Pleroma.
Unlike the Abrahamic God, Plato's demiurge is unable to create ex-nihilo.
Hinduism is a diverse system of thought with beliefs spanning monotheism , polytheism , panentheism , pantheism , pandeism , monism , and atheism among others;   [web 1] and its concept of creator deity is complex and depends upon each individual and the tradition and philosophy followed. Hinduism is sometimes referred to as henotheistic i. The Nasadiya Sukta Creation Hymn of the Rig Veda is one of the earliest texts  which "demonstrates a sense of metaphysical speculation" about what created the universe, the concept of god s and The One, and whether even The One knows how the universe came into being.
The "One Truth" of Vedic literature, in modern era scholarship, has been interpreted as monotheism, monism, as well as a deified Hidden Principles behind the great happenings and processes of nature. The post-Vedic texts of Hinduism offer multiple theories of cosmogony , many involving Brahma.
These include Sarga primary creation of universe and Visarga secondary creation , ideas related to the Indian thought that there are two levels of reality, one primary that is unchanging metaphysical and other secondary that is always changing empirical , and that all observed reality of the latter is in an endless repeating cycle of existence, that cosmos and life we experience is continually created, evolved, dissolved and then re-created. Brahma is a "secondary creator" as described in the Mahabharata and Puranas , and among the most studied and described. In other versions of creation, the creator deity is the one who is equivalent to the Brahman , the metaphysical reality in Hinduism.
In Vaishnavism , Vishnu creates Brahma and orders him to order the rest of universe. In Shaivism , Shiva may be treated as the creator. In Shaktism , the Great Goddess creates the Trimurti.
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Pangu can be interpreted as another creator deity. In the beginning there was nothing in the universe except a formless chaos. However this chaos began to coalesce into a cosmic egg for eighteen thousand years. Within it, the perfectly opposed principles of yin and yang became balanced and Pangu emerged or woke up from the egg. Pangu is usually depicted as a primitive, hairy giant with horns on his head like the Greek Pan and clad in furs. Pangu set about the task of creating the world: he separated Yin from Yang with a swing of his giant axe, creating the Earth murky Yin and the Sky clear Yang.
To keep them separated, Pangu stood between them and pushed up the Sky. This task took eighteen thousand years, with each day the sky grew ten feet higher, the Earth ten feet wider, and Pangu ten feet taller.
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In some versions of the story, Pangu is aided in this task by the four most prominent beasts, namely the Turtle , the Qilin , the Phoenix , and the Dragon. After eighteen thousand years  had elapsed, Pangu was laid to rest. His breath became the wind ; his voice the thunder ; left eye the sun and right eye the moon ; his body became the mountains and extremes of the world; his blood formed rivers; his muscles the fertile lands; his facial hair the stars and milky way; his fur the bushes and forests; his bones the valuable minerals; his bone marrows sacred diamonds; his sweat fell as rain; and the fleas on his fur carried by the wind became human beings all over the world.
Shangdi is another creator deity, possibly prior to Pangu; sharing concepts similar to Abrahamic faiths. According to Kazakh folk tales, Jasagnan is the creator of the world. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Deity responsible for the creation of the universe. General conceptions. Specific conceptions. In particular religions. Experiences Practices. Related topics. See also: Atenism. Further information: Abrahamic religions and Genesis creation narrative.
See also: Ex nihilo and Logos Christianity. Main article: Sikh beliefs. See also: Brahma. Main article: Monism. See also: Creator in Buddhism.
Main article: Jainism and non-creationism. Main article: Demiurge. Main article: Hindu views on evolution. London: H.
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